Primary Intracerebral Haemorrhage

In anybody who there is suspicion of a non-traumatic haemorrhage arrange an urgent CT Head.

All patients need IV access and  U&E, FBC, Coag

If CT confirms PICH (not traumatic, not SAH): –

Anticoagulation

If anticoagulated with warfarin or NOAC discuss with stroke consultant and Haematologist regarding reversal

If not anticoagulated give Tranexamic acid – 1g in 100mls Saline/Glucose over 10 mins followed by 1g in 250mls Saline over 6 hours.

Blood Pressure

BP needs to be <150/80 – use labetalol (max 400mg – until BP <160 or HR <50) and GTN infusion

Neurosurgical Referral

Not all patients with intracerebral bleeds need referral to neurosurgery – you could save yourself and your patient a lot of time and effort!

Those to refer:

  • GCS 9-12/15 with lobar haemorrhage
  • Isolated intraventricual haemorrhage
  • Hydrocephalus on presentation
  • Rapid deterioration following arrival (gcs drop by 2 points or more in the motor component)
  • Cerebellar bleed

Admit those not going to Neurosurgery to HASU at CRH after discussion with Stroke team

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