A selection of patient, relative, and general resources designed to assist those presenting with self injury, and those who care for them.
Ligature cutters are keep at the Nurse-in-Charges station
Remember to complete ReACT or CAMHS assessment tools on EPR Read more
Delirium is one of a number of geriatric syndromes and has significant associated morbidity and mortality.
3 subtypes of delirium
- Hyperactive – easies to spot, one we are most familiar with. Characterised by agitation/aggression/hallucinations “the non cooperative patient”
- Hypoactive – harder to spot. Characterised by drowsiness, less responsive, vacant, sleeping more at home
Remember there is NO SUCH THING AS A “POOR HISTORIAN” !! – Just a poor clinician! If your patient is not cooperating and can’t tell you very much then you need to find out why!!! Read more
Domestic abuse can affect anyone and often its not readily disclosed on an ED admission. We must be alert to the fact some of our patients may be attending with domestic abuse. Please explore concerns and escalate if you’re unsure. Our colleagues in the Pennine Domestic Violence Group have kindly drawn this a guidance up for us.
A button battery lodged in the Oesophagus is a medical emergency as it can cause necrosis and significant GI bleed – Refer immediately
If anybody is symptomatic after button battery ingestion they need referral to the Surgical team for urgent endoscopic removal Read more
Applies to all over 16’s
- Everyone is presumed to have capacity – until a lack of capacity has been established
- All practical efforts have been made to help patient make a decision
- Explain decision and options as clearly and concisely as possible (be flexible)
- Make every effort to help the person understand (language line, writing, etc.)
- Are there others who might help them understand? (nursing, medical, family, freinds)
- People are free to make an unwise decision
- Anything done under the act MUST be in the patients best interest
- Carefully consider what is the least restrictive option
Safeguarding is massively important but often not done!
This can be due to lack of recognition OR not knowing what help there is. Often our imput can significantly change lives
This guide contains info on:
- CAMHS (child and adolescent mental health services)
- MARAC (domestic abuse)
- Sexual Exploitation
- Human Trafficking
- Restraint ( see acute behavioural disturbance guide)
- Capacity & Consent
- Drug & Alcohol
- High risk of Cardiovascular Collapse/Death – likely due to adrenaline surge, heat exhaustion and injury. It can happen very suddenly.
- Keep physical restraint to a minimum – Don’t allow patient to forced face down, it’s the most likely way of killing them.
- Sedation – if you’re restraining you will almost certainly need to sedate. IV is best but if access is too risky IM will have to do.
- Aggressive management of underlying issues – esp. hyperthermia and acidosis and look out for rhabdomyolysis and DIC
|Drug||Route||Typical Dose (mg)||Onset (min)||Duration (min)||Warning|
|Midazolam||IV||2-5||1-5||30-60||Respiratory depression, IM unpredictable onset|
|Haloperidol||IV||5-10||10||180-360||Arrhythmia Risk: Only if previously used OR ECG|
|Ketamine||IV||1-2mg/kg||1||20-30||Theoretical risk of worsening cardiovascular instability|
Out of hours provision has changed from 21st Jan 2019
Out of Hours Provision – Change 21-1-19
In short between 23:00-09:00 CAMHS are unable to provide face-to-face consultations any longer. If the patient is:
- Under 16yrs (16 & 17yrs will still be seen by RAID)
- Medically fit for discharge
CAMHS will be able to provide a telephone consultation at the time, to agree a management plan either admission to Paeds or discharge with CAMHS follow up (if a Mental Health Assessment is required the duty psychiatrist will be contacted)
If discharged ensure family have the Contact Slip