Category: Paeds

Intranasal Fentanyl

There is currently a national shortage of Intranasal Diamorphine therefore we are using Intranasal Fentanyl as a replacement.

Dose is 1.5micrograms/Kg for the initial dose and 0.75micrograms/kg 10 minutes later if required.

Drug Delivery

Draw up the appropriate dose plus 0.1ml to allow for the dead space in the Mucosal Atomizer Device

Attach the MAD to the syringe

Sit the child at 45 degrees insert MAD loosely into the nostril and press the plunger

Doses greater than 0.5ml should be split between 2 nostrils



  • Blocked nose due to upper respiratory illness or epistaxis
  • Respiratory depression
  •  Hypovolaemia
  • Altered consciousness
  • Hypersensitivity to fentanyl
  •  Children below 1 year old

Full Intranasal Fentanyl SOP

Paeds Liaison Form – EPR

The Paediatric Liaison Form (PLF is now part of EPR – how to guide)

This form alerts the Paediatric Liaison Team to your concerns so that they can investigate and provide appropriate support to the child & family.

You SHOULD inform the family that you are completing the form as the Paeds Liaison Team or other agencies (e.g. social services or school nurse)may contact them.

You SHOULD NOT use this form for patients who have either suffered or at risk of significant harm. In this case you should discuss directly with the paediatric consultant on-call.

PDF: Paediatric Liaison Form


Infant Feed Volumes – what is expected?

As you know part of assesses sing an infant is asking about how well it is feeding, especially in Bronchiolitis. However, our paediatric colleagues have noticed that many infants are over fed, and although their intake may have reduced it would still be considered adequate for normal growth.

The tables below give an indication of what a healthy intake is and should be used when assessing how well an infant is feeding. Read more

Ingested Magnets

Ingestion of Strong Magnets is a TIME CRITICAL EMERGENCY

(Multiple Magnets OR a single Magnet and Metallic Objects)

Strong magnets  (such as Neodymium)

  • Now common place around the house
  • From; fridge magnets to toys and peicings


  • Intestinal injury can occur within 8-24 hours
  • However, symptoms may take weeks to develop
  • Symptomatic patients are a SURGICAL emergency


  • Use X-Ray (NOT metal detectors)
  • May require AP and lateral images to see how many

RCEM recommendation (best practice)

Read more